An indication that identifies a good as originating in the territory or a region, locality in that territory, where a given quality, or reputation or other characteristics of the goods is essentially attributable to it’s geographical origin.
Such indication may be constituted by any denomination, expression or sign indicating that a product or service originates in a country or a region or a specific place. Like as, “Padmas Ilish” is a GI of Padma river in Bangladesh.
Specially the fish grow up the following river and it is famous as a Padmas Ilish. Though the same type of fish we caught from sea of bay of bengal that is not Padmas Ilish. Geographical indication is a intellectual property of a such country or place.
It has been protected by many laws and convention in international arena. In the year of 2013 the Government of Bangladesh enact a act which called Geographical Indication of goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 2013.
Protection of Geographical Indication of Goods in Bangladesh
The Government of Bangladesh realize the necessity of GI’s act after many years later. Under the Geographical Indication of goods Act, 2013 and Section 06 states that the protection of geographical indication of goods.
A geographical indication of goods and it’s definite territory, region or locality, as the case may be, irrespective or whether or not registered under this act, shall be protected against another geographical indication which, although literally true as to the country, territory, region or locality in which the goods originate in another country, territory, region or locality.
Under sub-section 2 of this act the registrar shall, for the purpose of registration of geographical indication of goods, classify the goods in accordance with the international classification of goods.
Any question as to the class of goods or the country, territory, region, area or locality in which the goods originate, shall be determined by the registrar whose decision in the matter shall be final.
under sub-section 3. In this section the important role is for the purpose of this act the Geographical Indication Unit shall keep and maintain a list of geographical indication of goods.
Section 6 clearly states about the protection of geographical indication of Bangladesh. Without this Act the WIPO has also more provision about the protection of GI internationally.
Registration and refusal application of Geographical Indication of Goods
Before enact the Law, there was no registration process of GI. Now under the Geographical Indication of goods Act, 2013 and Section 9 provides how to do application for the GI of goods.
Under this Section any association, institution, government body or authority, which is established of registered under existing laws and representing the interest of persons producing geographical indication of goods, may apply in writing to the registrar in the prescribed form and manner along with the payment of prescribed fees for registration of geographical indication of goods.
When such person or a group of persons claiming to be the producer, exploiter, manufacturer or processor of the GI of goods then they can apply for registering him or them as authorized user of such GI’s goods under section 10.
To complete the registration registrar must be publish the application by notification in the prescribed manner if he satisfied that the application has fulfilled all the requirements under section 12 of this code.
When it appears to the registrar that the application has been entertained erroneously or in separate name and title, or in the relevant circumstances the geographical indication does not require to be registered, the registrar may refuse to entertain the application for registration after giving adequate opportunity to the applicant of being heard under section 11.
So in short we see that the registration process of geographical indication is too easy in this act. Without the due process no one can registration of geographical indication of goods.
International protection of geographical Indication
After the national law if we protect the geographical indication of goods must be licensed by the WIPO. World Intellectual Property Organization is a global forum to protect intellectual property internationally which established in 1967.
Paris Convention for the protection of Industrial Property is a treaty which administered by the WIPO. On the date of November 29, 1990 the Government of Bangladesh accession the convention. Under the article 28(2) of the convention Bangladesh is a ratify member of this convention.
If any dispute between such country and any other country of the Union the ICJ will settle it. The WIPO has also a standing committee which discuss with the member states about policy and legal issues relating to the international development of law and standards for GI’s and appellations of origin.
In time to time the WIPO organized the meetings and symposiums all with the member states. Without the Paris convention the WIPO has more laws and treaties names as Madrid Agreement for the Repression of False or Deceptive Indications of Source on Goods, Madrid Agreement, Protocol Relating to the Madrid Agreement, Lisbon Agreement, Overview of the TRIPS Agreement on the WTO website.
Bangladesh has more GI’s goods which was recognized by world. Due to famous of some GI’s product more country trying to get as their GI’s which origin was Bangladesh. Like As, Jamdani Saree.
India claim that Jamdani is their GI’s which actually Bangladeshi indigenous famous cloth. After enact the Geographical Indication of goods Act, 2013 has been recognized as a geographical indication of Bangladesh in 2016. So that we find that the following act was very urgent for our GI’s property and now its done.