Monday, June 17, 2024

Legal Aid in the Judicial proceedings in Bangladesh


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In the normal sense, Legal aid is the assistance in legal matters both inside and outside the court’s house to the poor litigants. Basically, government funding is a system for those who cannot pay for legal advice and legal representation.

So many Legal professionals are using the phrase ‘legal aid’ to mean counseling on any legal issue, giving an honorarium to any pleader/ conciliator/ arbitrator, providing monetary aid to bear the expenditure of the case, defending a person in a court of law.

The Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh has declared 28 April as “National Legal Aid Day” in 2013, with a view to spreading the message of government legal help activities at the grassroots level and to create greater public awareness about government legal services. National Legal Aid Day is celebrated annually on 28 April.

Functions of the Legal help

Basically, Access to justice and Ensure high-quality legal assistance it’s functions made. One of the most important things is in the legal aid office a successful Implementation of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) which is become popular worldwide.

Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in Bangladesh

The government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh has enacted “Legal Aid Services Act – 2000. Under the Act, the government established the “National Legal Aid Services Organization” and set up District Legal Aid Offices in each district’s Judge Court premises to ensure the protection of the poor, helpless people’s access to justice.

In the District Legal Aid Office, the government has appointed a “Legal Aid Officer” who is a judge in the rank of Assistant Judge / Senior Assistant Judge. To ensure government legal aid services in the country’s highest court, the government has established “The Supreme Court Legal Aid Office” in 2015.

Moreover, to ensure legal aid at the root level, Upazila Legal Aid Committee and Union Legal Aid Committee have been constituted at the union and Upazila level.

Special committees have been formed in the Chowki Court and labor courts. The government is providing legal assistance to the marginalized people to ensure access to justice through these committees and Legal Aid Offices, under the supervision of the “National Legal Aid Services Organization”.

Statistics of Legal Aid help in the Judicial proceedings

Sixty-four District Legal Aid Office, Supreme Court Legal Aid Office, two Labour Court Legal Aid Cells,s, and National Helpline Call Center a total number of 100806 beneficiaries have received government legal aid services through National Legal Aid Services Organization (NLAS0), during the financial year 2018-2019.

Legal advice is provided from the District Legal Aid Office, the Supreme Court Legal Aid Office, and the Labor Court Legal Aid Cell offices.

As per Legal Aid Policy, 2014, any person can avail of legal advice/ counseling services under the Government Legal Aid Program. A total of 54,575 people have received legal advice/ counseling services during the fiscal year 2018-2019.

Same fiscal year, the District Legal Aid Offices successfully mediate the disputes of parties among 10,375 beneficiaries with the realization of money 8,25,02,270 taka (Eight core twenty-five lac two thousand seventy takas).

Moreover, ADR beneficiary parties with the consent of each other withdrew 243 ongoing cases from the court. Same financial year Dhaka and Chittagong Labor Court Legal Aid Cell provides legal advice to 3429 helpless workers, provides legal assistance in 412 labor cases, and undertakes 535 mediation initiatives among the workers and the owner’s parties.

Through mediations, 89,06,205/- (Eighty Nine Lac Six thousand two hundred five) taka has been recovered for the helpless labors.


Equality before the law, equal protection of the law, and rule of law which are all guaranteed by the constitution of the Republic will cease to be effective if the poor and vulnerable sectors of the populace are not properly provided with a legal aid facility or legal aid mechanism which has to be properly implemented.

It is better to do something imperfectly rather than to do nothing flawlessly. A good plan implemented today is better than a perfect plan left for tomorrow.

Hence, the government should develop an atmosphere that should be more conducive to addressing the loopholes of the legal aid service mechanism and to make concerted efforts with the NGOs to provide smooth legal aid for ensuring access to justice among the poor litigants.

It is not too misleading if we were to say that ideas without action are worthless. Vision without action is just a daydream. Action without vision is a nightmare.


1. ‘Annual Report (2018-2019) National Legal Aid Services’ <> accessed 14 May 2020.

 2. ‘Annual Report (2018-2019) National Legal Aid Services’ <> accessed 16 May 2020.

3. ‘Legal Aid Empowers the Critically Disadvantaged’ <> accessed 12 May 2020.

4. Md Mamunur Rashid,’ A Critical Analysis of Legal Aid in Bangladesh’ (PDF Available · March 2014) <> accessed 11 May 2020.

5. Imtiaz Ahmed Sajal, ‘Legal Aid is Common People’s Right not a Charity’ (2015) < > accessed 15May 2020.

6. Main Header banner of the website. < > accessed 15 May2020.

Advocate Shipta Barua
Advocate Shipta Barua
Currently working as a Criminal Lawyer in Cox's Bazar Sessions Court, as well as legal consultant at Legal Home to provide legal assistance to common people. Moreover, involved in various social activities through the organization Gyananneshon. He completed LL.B (Hons) and LL.M in Law and Justice. Special interest in maritime law, environmental law and criminology.


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